Agreement No. CE 63/2016 (EP)
Environmental Monitoring and Audit
for Disposal Facility to the East of Sha Chau (2017-2020) - Investigation
MONTHLY EM&A REPORT FOR MAY 2019
Civil Engineering and Development Department (CEDD) is managing a number of
marine disposal facilities in Hong Kong waters, including the Contaminated Mud
Pits (CMPs) to the South of The Brothers (SB) and to the East of Sha Chau (ESC)
for the disposal of contaminated sediment, and open-sea disposal grounds
located to the South of Cheung Chau (SCC), East of Tung Lung Chau (ETLC) and
East of Ninepins (ENP) for the disposal of uncontaminated sediment. Two
Environmental Permits (EPs), EP-312/2008/A and EP-427/2011/A, were issued by
the Environmental Protection Department (EPD) to the CEDD, the Permit Holder,
on 28 November 2008 and 23 December 2011 for the Dredging, Management and
Capping of Contaminated Sediment Disposal Facilities at ESC CMP V and SB CMPs, respectively.
the requirements of the two EPs for ESC CMP V and SB CMPs, EM&A
programmes which encompass water and sediment chemistry, fisheries assessment,
tissue and whole body analysis, sediment toxicity and benthic recolonisation
studies as set out in the EM&A Manuals are required to be
implemented. EM&A programmes have been
continuously carried out during the operation of the CMPs at ESC and SB. A
review of the collection and analysis of such environmental data from the
monitoring programme demonstrated that there had not been any adverse
environmental impacts resulting from disposal activities () (). The
current programme will assess the impacts resulting from dredging, disposal and
capping operations of CMP V as well as capping operations of SB CMPs.
present EM&A programme under Agreement No. CE 63/2016 (EP) covers the dredging, disposal and capping operations
of the ESC CMP V as well as the capping operations of the SB CMPs (see Annex A for the EM&A programme). The scheduled EM&A programme for SB CMPs was completed in
December 2018. Detailed works schedule for ESC CMP V is shown in Figure 1.1. In May 2019, disposal of
contaminated mud at ESC CMP Vd was undertaken.
Figure 1.1 Works Schedule for
ESC CMP V
This Monthly EM&A Report for May 2019 covers the EM&A activities for the reporting month
of May 2019.
Details of Sampling and Laboratory Testing Activities
monitoring activities were undertaken for ESC CMP V in May 2019:
· Water Column Profiling of
ESC CMP Vd;
· Routine Water
Quality Monitoring of ESC CMPs; and
· Pit Specific
Sediment Chemistry of ESC CMP Vd.
Details of Outstanding Sampling and/or Analysis
No outstanding sampling remained for May
Brief Discussion of the Monitoring Results for ESC CMP V
discussion of the monitoring results of the following activities for ESC CMP V
is presented in this Monthly
EM&A Report for May 2019:
· Water Column
Profiling of ESC CMP Vd in May 2019;
· Routine Water
Quality Monitoring of ESC CMPs in May 2019; and
Pit Specific Sediment Chemistry of ESC CMP Vd in May 2019.
Water Column Profiling of ESC CMP Vd
– May 2019
Profiling was undertaken at a total of two sampling stations (Upstream and
Downstream stations) on 8 May 2019. The monitoring results have been
assessed for compliance with the Water Quality Objectives (WQOs) set by Environmental
Protection Department (EPD). This consists of a review of the EPD routine
water quality monitoring data for the wet season period (April to October) of
2008 - 2017 from stations in the Northwestern Water Control Zone (WCZ), where
the ESC CMPs are located (). For Salinity, the
averaged value obtained from the Reference (Upstream) station was used for the
basis as the WQO. Levels of
Dissolved Oxygen (DO) and Turbidity were also assessed for compliance with the
Action and Limit Levels (see Table B1 of Annex B for details).
of results for May 2019 indicated that levels of Salinity, pH and DO complied
with the WQOs at both Downstream and Upstream stations (Table B2 of Annex B). Levels of DO and Turbidity
at all stations complied with the Action and Limit Levels (Tables B1 and B2 of Annex B).
Laboratory Measurements for Suspended Solids (SS)
of results for May 2019 indicated that the SS levels at both Downstream and
Upstream stations complied with the WQO and the Action and Limit Levels at both
Downstream and Upstream stations (Tables B1 and B2 of Annex B).
monitoring results indicated that the mud disposal operation at ESC CMP Vd did
not appear to cause any deterioration in water quality during this reporting
Routine Water Quality Monitoring of
ESC CMPs – May 2019
Water Quality Monitoring of ESC CMPs was undertaken on 9 May 2019. The monitoring results have been
assessed for compliance with the WQOs (see Section 1.5.3 for details). The monitoring
results are shown in Tables B3 and B4 of Annex B and Figures
1 - 10 of Annex C. A total of
ten (10) monitoring stations were sampled in May 2019 as shown in Figure 1.2.
presentation of the monitoring results (Temperature, DO, pH, Salinity and
Turbidity) is shown in Figures 1 -
6 of Annex C. Analyses of results for May 2019 indicated that the levels of pH,
Salinity and DO complied with the WQOs at all stations (Impact, Intermediate,
Reference and Ma Wan stations) in May 2019, except the levels of Salinity were higher
than WQO at Ma Wan station. The higher Salinities recorded at Ma Wan station are likely to
be caused by the larger separation distance to Pearl River mouth, which release
a large amount of freshwater runoff in the area during flooding, when compared
to the Reference stations.
levels of DO and Turbidity also complied with the Action and Limit Levels at
all stations (Table B3 of Annex B; Figures 3 and 6 of Annex C).
in-situ measurement results of the Routine Water Quality Monitoring indicated that the disposal
operation at ESC CMP Vd did not appear to cause any unacceptable impacts in
water quality in May 2019.
analysis of May 2019 results indicated that concentrations of Cadmium, Mercury and Silver
were below their limit of reporting at all stations. Arsenic, Chromium,
Copper, Lead, Nickel and Zinc were detected in May 2019 samples at most stations and the
concentrations of these metals and metalloids were similar amongst the stations
(Table B4 of Annex B; Figure 7 of Annex C).
nutrients, concentrations of Total Inorganic Nitrogen (TIN) at all stations
were higher than the WQO (0.5 mg/L) in May 2019 (Table B4 of Annex B; Figure 8 of Annex C). It should be noted that due
to the effect of the Pearl River, the North Western WCZ has historically
experienced higher levels of TIN (). Therefore, the exceedances
of TIN WQO at these stations are unlikely to be caused by the disposal
operation at ESC CMP Vd. Concentrations of Ammonia Nitrogen (NH3-N)
and 5-day Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5) were generally similar
amongst the stations in May 2019 (Table B4 of Annex B; Figure 8 and 9 of Annex C).
of results for May 2019 indicated that the SS levels were higher than the WQO (10.8 mg/L for wet season) at
Impact and Intermediate stations while the SS levels complied with the Action
and Limit Levels at all stations (Tables B1
and B4 of Annex B; Figure 10 of Annex C).
results of the Routine Water Quality Monitoring indicated that the disposal
operation at ESC CMP Vd did not appear to cause any unacceptable deterioration
in water quality in May 2019. Detailed statistical
analysis will be presented in the Quarterly Report to investigate any spatial
and temporal trends of potential concern.
Pit Specific Sediment Chemistry of
ESC CMP Vd – May 2019
1.5.17 Monitoring locations for Pit Specific Sediment Chemistry for ESC CMP Vd are shown in Figure
1.3. A total of six (6) monitoring stations were sampled on 10 May
1.5.18 The concentrations of all inorganic
contaminants were lower than the Lower Chemical Exceedance Levels (LCELs) at
all stations (Figures 11 and 12 of Annex C).
1.5.19 For organic contaminants, the concentrations of Total
Organic Carbon (TOC) varied between stations in May 2019 and were higher at Active-Pit stations (Figure 13 of
Annex C). The concentrations of Tributyltin (TBT) were higher
at Active-Pit station ESC-NPAA in May 2019 (Figure 14 of
Annex C). The concentrations of Low and High Molecular Weight
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) were detected at Near-Pit station ESC-NNAB
and Active-Pit stations ESC-NPAA and ESC-NPAB in May 2019 (Figure
15 of Annex C). Total
Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), Total dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT)
and 4,4’-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) concentrations were below the
limit of reporting at all stations.
Overall, there is no evidence
indicating any unacceptable environmental impacts to sediment quality as a
result of the contaminated mud disposal operations at ESC CMP Vd in May 2019.
Statistical analysis will be undertaken and presented in the
corresponding quarterly report to investigate whether there are any
unacceptable impacts in the area caused by the contaminated mud disposal.
Activities Scheduled for the Next Month
following monitoring activities will be conducted in the next monthly period of
June 2019 for ESC CMP V (see Annex A for the sampling schedule ()):
· Water Column
Profiling of ESC CMP Vd;
· Pit Specific
Sediment Chemistry of ESC CMP Vd; and
Impact Sediment Chemistry of ESC CMPs.
A summary of the
Study Programme is presented in Annex D.